Nepal is a culturally rich country. Despite being a secular country the majority of population are hindus. And we can see deep faith in god among people in Nepal. From ancient period, Kings have been worshipers of god and have built many temples all around the country. There are different myths associated with these temples and we also hear many legends about that. Some temples have such strong legend that people visit the temple no matter how tough it is to reach there from geographic view.
Temples are somewhere or the other identity of country. Nepal is known for many temples and the capital is also termed “ the city of temples “. Not just in capital, there are many temples all around the country. In the article we are listing some famous mythological temple in the country.
Pashupatinath need no introduction. It is one of the pride of the nation and it is believed that it is god Pashupatinath that looks after the country. Not just in Nepal, Pashupatinath is famous among all hindu followers in the world. Every year thousands of devotes visit this temple with pure faith and respect for the god. Pashupatinath translates to “god of all pashus ,ie all livings in the world. Pashupatinath is considered the lord of all livings in the world.
Pasupatinath that is located on the banks of the Bagmati River, Gaushala, Kathmandu is categorized under UNESCO World Heritage Sites’ list in 1979.Lord Pashupatinath is considered the national deity of the country and the temple serves as lord’s seat.
Existence of Pashupatinath
The temple was renovated in the 19th century by King Prachanda Dev after the previous building was damaged by termites. It is not known when the temple was built, however its existence dates back to 400 BC . Over time many temples have been made in its premises and the temple has been renovated time and again. People have lot of devotion toward Lord Pashupatinath and every year on Maha Shivaratri, thousands of devotees from all over the world come to this temple . It is believed that any hindu once in his lifetime must visit the Pashupatinath temple .
Swayambhunath is another UNESCO world heritage sites listings from Nepal. It lies in top of a hill in west of Kathmandu Valley. This temple shows the perfect harmony between the two major religion in country ie, Buddhism and Hinduism.
Swoyambhunath is a one of the most sacred pilgrimage for both Buddhist and hindu. The religious architecture has a stupa, Shrines and temples existing from the Licchhavi period.
The stupa has Buddha eyes denoting peace and there lies temple of hindu gods and goddesses. Swayambhunath is also famous for the palm trees that grow in the hill. People say the trees are also holy and they believe that the trees grew by themselves. For all the Buddhist flowers in Tibet and Nepal , Swayambhunath is the second most sacred pilgrimage after Bouddhantah Stupa . The temple is quite popular among tourist as monkey temple. The name comes after the hundreds of monk that inhibit the hill of Swayambhunath.
Manakamana temple is another sacred temple in Nepal that lies in Gorkha district of Nepal.
It is temple of goddess Manakamana , who is believed to be incarnation of goddess Parvati , better half of lord Mahadeva. The name translates to ‘ the goddess that makes every wish come true. Devotees believe that any wish made to the goddess by a pure heart comes true. The temple existed since 17th century and has been pilgrimage site for many hindus all over the country.
The temple lies in top of a hill , 12 km south of Gorkha. Previously people used to walk those hills to reach the temple but now there are many facilities. Country’s first cable car is in this hill that reaches up to the temple. People now reach the temple via cable car and also off roads that goes up to the temple.
Many people also visit the temple just for the cable car experience since it is the first cable car in country. Situated around 140 kilometers away from the capital, Manakamana temple also offers extraordinary view from the top.
Legend of Manakamana
The legend of Manakamana Goddess dates back to the reign of the Gorkha king Ram Shah during the 17th century. The legend of the temple goes back to 17th century when Ram Shah used to rule over Gorkha. His queen had divine powers, and her only devotee which only her devotee Lakhan Thapa was aware of this.
One day, the king saw his queen in Goddess incarnation and devotee Lakhan Thapa in the form of a lion. After witnessing that King died at that momenta and the queen had to die with the king following Sati Pratha .
However goddess in form of queen promised her devotee that she would re appear very soon. Six months later a farmer found stream of blood and milk flowing from stone while he was ploughing his field. Lakhan Thapa after knowing this incident immediately performed different rituals to bring back the goddess.
The temple today lies in the same site and people worship the same stone till this date . Manakamana is home to the goddess. Since, Lakhan Thapa was the true devotee goddess, people still allow only descendants of Lakhan Thapa to be priest of the temple.
Pathibhara Devi often termed Pathivara Mai is one of the most sacred temple in Nepal. This place carries a special meaning in Limbu Peoples life. Pathivara Mai is holy place for limbu people however it is a sacred place for all hindus in the country.
Devotees from Nepal and India visit the temple every year believing goddess Pathivara will make their wishes true. It lies in hill of Taplejung district. Belief is that goddess Pathivara takes offerings of animals, gold and silver . People offer those offering to the goddess. Legends say that local shepherds lost flocks of their sheep while grazing.
Later on when animal sacrifice was given to that place, all he lost animals were returned. That is how the ritual of animal sacrifice started in the temple. Later on locals built temple on the same place.